Photo d'illustration: Le programme SAT-AIS rend la mer plus sûre. Il s’inscrit dans la tendance lean New Space d’utiliser des équipements commerciaux standard pour les microsatellites. Les services spatiaux assurent un suivi mondial des navires, réduisent la pollution et favorisent la surveillance des marchandises dangereuses. L'ASE s'associe à des entités privées et publiques dans le cadre du programme SAT-AIS pour réduire les risques liés aux investissements et répondre aux besoins du marché. Copyright ESA
Illustration Photo: The SAT-AIS programme makes the sea safer. It follows lean New Space trends to use more commercial off the shelf equipment for microsatellites. Space-based services provide global ship tracking, reduce pollution, and promote monitoring of dangerous cargo. ESA partners with private and public entities under the SAT-AIS programme to de-risk investments and answer market needs. Copyright ESA
Photo d'illustration: La mission Copernicus Sentinel-2 nous fait traverser la baie du Mont Saint-Michel, dans le nord de la France. Située entre la Bretagne à l'ouest et la Normandie à l'est, cette baie remarquable, classée au patrimoine mondial de l'UNESCO, est l'une des plus grandes marées d'Europe continentale. La différence entre les hautes et les basses eaux peut atteindre 15 m. Lorsque la marée monte, la mer recule à environ 15 km de la côte et quand elle revient, elle le fait très rapidement, ce qui en fait un endroit dangereux. Sentinel-2 a capturé cette image lorsque la marée était basse afin que la vaste zone de dunes de sable soit exposée, coupée par des canaux sinueux d’eaux peu profondes. Trois rivières se jettent dans la baie: le Couesnon, la Sée et la Sélune. Le célèbre îlot rocheux du mont Saint-Michel, visible comme une petite tache sombre au sud de la baie, se trouve à environ 1 km de l'embouchure du Couesnon. Abritant un monastère et un village bénédictins, le Mont Saint-Michel est également un site du patrimoine mondial de l'UNESCO et un haut lieu des touristes. Copyright contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data (2017), processed by ESA, CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO
Illustration Photo: Based on measurements gathered by the Copernicus Sentinel-5P mission between April and September 2018, the image shows high levels of nitrogen dioxide in London, Paris, Brussels, western Germany, Milan and Moscow. Nitrogen dioxide pollutes the air mainly as a result of traffic and the combustion of fossil fuel in industrial processes. It has a significant impact on human health, contributing particularly to respiratory problems. Copyright contains modified Copernicus data (2018), processed by KNMI
Illustration Photo: A movement to replace genetically modified (GM) soybeans with conventional seeds gained traction in Brazil’s largest soy producing state of Mato Grosso as farmers anticipated growing demand from Asia and Europe. Brazil was an early adopter of transgenic crops and more than 96 percent of its soy harvest is of GM varieties, which helped transform the country into the world’s largest soy exporter. Record-large crops were harvested in 2017 in Brazil. (credits: Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data , processed by Sentinel Hub / Flickr Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0))
Illustration Photo: Sentinel-5 Precursor is the first Copernicus mission dedicated to monitoring our atmosphere. With air pollution a major concern, this new satellite carries the state-of-the-art Tropomi instrument to map a multitude of trace gases such as nitrogen dioxide, ozone, formaldehyde, methane, carbon monoxide and aerosols – all of which affect the air we breathe and our climate. Copyright ESA/ATG medialab
Illustration Photo: A student participant analyses real satellite data during ESA Academy's Earth Observation Remote Sensing Workshop that ran from 10 to 14 December 2018 at at ESA Academy’s Training and Learning Facility, ESA’s ESEC-Galaxia, Belgium. Copyright ESA
Illustration Photo: The SpaceX Dragon cargo craft is pictured attached to the International Space Station's Harmony module as the orbital complex orbited 261 miles above the Indian Ocean southeast of the continent of Africa. (credits: NASA Johnson / Flickr Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0))
Illustration Photo: Assessing rice crops with Sentinel-1. Using radar data from the Copernicus Sentinel-1 mission, areas where rice is grown in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu can be assessed. Light blue to magenta colours represent cultivated fields and light to dark green represents forests. Copyright contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data (2016), processed by RIICE/TNAU
Illustration Photo: Spain’s PLD Space, Miura 5 microlauncher (formerly Arion 2) aims to provide dedicated launches for an emerging small satellites market in 2021. Recognised as one of Europe’s most advanced microlauncher projects, PLD Space already intends to offer sub-orbital flight opportunities on its “Miura 1” (formerly Arion 1) launcher in 2019. Copyright PLD Space
Photo: Example of vegetation/land-use identification using an Earth image from the ISS. (Credit: Tokyo Institute of Technology)
Photo d'illustration: Les pilotes utilisant un service par satellite peuvent désormais recevoir des mises à jour en vol sur les aléas météorologiques et avertir les autres aéronefs des tempêtes qu'ils anticipent. Atmosphere-F, une petite entreprise de Toulouse, en France, a développé le service Planet (réseau de plans) avec le soutien du programme de recherche avancée sur les systèmes de télécommunications de l'ESA, en collaboration avec le Centre spatial allemand DLR, TriaGnoSys et Météo-France. Copyright Atmosphere
Illustration Photo: Farmers call on the latest satellite data using a service called TalkingFields to get the best from their land whilst minimising the environmental cost. Satellite data that are globally available are fine-tuned to the needs of farmers by Vista in Germany. They combine optical satellite imagery with information from ground sensors, satnav and sophisticated crop growth models to enable precision farming on a local scale. Copyright Vista GmbH
Photo d'illustration: L'astronaute de l'équipage commercial Mike Hopkins pratique la sortie dans l'espace au laboratoire de réalité virtuelle du Johnson Space Center à Houston. La formation fournit des graphiques en temps réel et des simulateurs de mouvement pour reproduire l'environnement spatial. Le programme des équipes commerciales de la NASA travaille avec Boeing et SpaceX pour renvoyer les lancements de vols habités aux États-Unis en 2019. Hopkins est affecté à la première mission opérationnelle de SpaceX après le vol d'essai de la société avec son équipage. (crédits: NASA / James Blair / Flickr Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0))
Photo: CEO allows anyone to track land-use and landscape changes anywhere (credits: NASA/FAO)
Illustration Photo: Iris will provide a safe and secure text-based data link between pilots and air traffic control (ATC) networks using satellite technology. The programme is developed under a public-private partnership between ESA and Inmarsat, and will help relieve pressure on the aviation sector's congested radio frequency communication channels. It will so as part of the European Commission’s Single European Sky ATM Research (SESAR) masterplan to modernise Europe's air traffic management. Copyright ESA
Illustration Photo: The average seasonal rice yield in the Tamil Nadu region of India is 3.5–5.0 tonnes per hectare. This map of the Samba crop season for 2016–17 shows a lower yield and even some complete crop failures owing to severe drought. These losses have been detected and quantified thanks to observations by the Copernicus Sentinel-1 mission throughout the whole crop season and have allowed farmers to receive appropriate compensation. Copyright contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data (2016), processed by RIICE/TNAU
Illustration Photo: Asteroids (Public Domain from Pixabay.com)
Illustration Photo: John Carver, a payload integration engineer with NASA Kennedy Space Center's Test and Operations Support Contract, opens the door to the growth chamber of the Advanced Plant Habitat (APH) Flight Unit No. 1 for a test harvest of half of the Arabidopsis thaliana plants growing within. (credits: NASA / Leif Heimbold / Flickr Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0))
Illustration Photo: ESA BIC Bavaria start-up Lilium is developing a two-seater electric powered plane for personal use. Although taking off and landing like a helicopter, by rotating its engines it also functions as a very efficient fixed-wing aircraft that can travel at up to 400 km/h and have a range of 500 km. Copyright Lilium
Illustration Photo: Sentinel-2A takes us over central-eastern Brazil – more specifically where the Bahia, Tocantins and Goiás states meet. Here we can see a large, flat plateau blanked with fields benefiting from rich soils and an apparent abundance of water, before falling off into a green, hilly valley (left). A distinctive feature in this image is the circles – mainly at the centre. These shapes were created by a central-pivot irrigation system, where a long water pipe rotates around a well at the centre of each plot. The varying colours show different types of crop, or different stages of growth. (Copyright contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data (2016), processed by ESA , CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO)
Illustration Photo: R.J. Taylor Memorial Hospital, Inc. Family Medicine Physician Dr. Albert Warren, MD consults with a patient and records the patient’s symptoms on an electronic tablet in Hawkinsville, GA on Mar. 6, 2013. (credits: USDA photo by Bob Nichols / Flickr Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0))
Illustration Photo: Sustainable toilet (credits: SuSanA Secretariat / Flickr Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0))
Illustration Photo: Coast Guard Research and Development Center personnel test an unmanned maritime system from the Coast Guard Cutter Healy in the Arctic, July 29, 2017. (credits: U.S. Coast Guard photo by Petty Officer 2nd Class Meredith Manning / Flickr Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0))
Illustration Photo: Space Exploration Masters winners. From space-friendly crops to high-tech propulsion systems, the Space Exploration Masters competition awarded disruptive ideas with prizes worth more than €500 000. Europe’s first and only space exploration competition welcomed new players to boost business and innovation beyond Earth’s orbit. The prizes were handed over at NewSpace Europe, an event focused on space industry and the economic opportunity of space held on 16 November 2017 in Luxembourg. Copyright Dominique Gaul / ESA
Illustration Photo: SŽDC Balabenka Train Traffic Control Centre in Prague. (credits: IRITS Events Ltd. Photo: Richard Hadley / Flickr Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-SA 2.0))
Illustration Photo: First qbee satellite from Open Cosmos, the qb01 currently in orbit. Open Cosmos is a start-up from ESA Business incubation Centre (ESA BIC) Harwell providing a one-stop-shop to put a nanosatellite in orbit. Copyright Open Cosmos
Illustration Photo: Rising above the pad's fixed service tower, a Delta IV rocket soars into the sky with the GOES-O satellite aboard. Image Credit: NASA/Jack Pfaller
Illustration Photo: Cold storage facilities for potatoes in Bamyan (Afghanistan) has provided extra income for farmers allowing them to purchase solar power panels to bring light and connectivity into their homes. (credits: Asian Development Bank / Flickr Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0))
Photo: To study the optimal dosing of minerals for growing tomato and pepper plants, Dutch Groen Agro Control built an enclosed system in which the plants received doses of 16 different minerals. The doses of each mineral were extremely carefully controlled, so that as little as possible ends up unused in the drain water. (Copyright Groen Agro Control)
Illustration Photo: Sentinel-2 takes us over the US capital city of Washington DC, nestled between the states of Maryland and Virginia.
Washington is a city inside the District of Columbia – ‘DC’ – which is not a part of any state. The District is home to the centres of all three branches of the federal US government: legislative, executive and judicial.
Near the centre of the image, a straight green line cuts through the built-up area. This is the famous National Mall with the Capitol Building at its eastern end and the Lincoln Memorial at its west. The White House sits just north of the Mall.
Nearly 20% of the District’s area comprises parkland, such as Rock Creek Park appearing dark green in the upper-central part of the image. The parkland follows the flow of Rock Creek, a tributary to the larger Potomac River. Farther southeast, the Anacostia River also flows into the Potomac.
The large, green area in the upper right is part of the Patuxent Research Refuge in Maryland – a wildlife refuge spanning over 50 sq km dedicated to protecting wildlife and habitat.
Copyright contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data (2015), processed by ESA, CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO
Illustration Photo: Statoil's Oseberg offshore oil and gas field platform in the North Sea. Copyright Ø. Hagen/Statoil
Illustration Photo: Combining images captured by the Copernicus Sentinel-2 mission and the US Landsat-8 satellite between October 2015 and the end of 2016, this land-cover classification map shows different crops across Germany. A total of 2.2 TB of data were used to generate the map, which distinguishes between 21 land cover classes and includes 15 specific crop types. Copyright contains modified Copernicus Sentinel and Landsat data (2015–16), processed and analysed by Humboldt University Berlin/P. Griffiths (ESA Living Planet Research Fellow). Data preprocessing: NASA and Harmonized Landsat–Sentinel initiative
Illustration Photo: (Artist's concept of possible exploration programs.) Once on Mars, the crew connects the two habitats together and begin a variety of surface exploration and habitation activities. By using resources available at Mars and emphasizing the development of a robust set of surface systems, the crew's safety and the scientific and economic return of human missions to Mars are dramatically increased, while the cost of such missions decreases substantially. These images produced for NASA by John Frassanito and Associates. Technical concepts from NASA's Planetary Projects Office, Johnson Space Center (JSC). (credits: NASA Johnson / Flickr Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC 2.0))
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Smart International Consulting is a business consulting firm specialized in the management of Foreign Investment Projects in Asia and Africa.